Amblyopia

Amblyopia, also known as “lazy eye,” is the leading cause of vision loss in children, resulting in reduced visual acuity and stereo acuity (poor depth perception). Amblyopia occurs when the visual system receives two different images from the eyes, mainly due to eye deviation (strabismus) or a difference in the refractive error between the eyes (anisometropia). Because the brain cannot process different images simultaneously, it suppresses the visual information coming from the affected eye.

 

The worldwide prevalence of amblyopia stands at about 3% of the global population. Delayed or inaccurate diagnosis or improper treatment often result in partial vision loss. Unless successfully treated in early childhood, amblyopia usually persists into adulthood and affects most aspects of quality of life such as coordination, reading ability and even road safety.

Amblyopia

Amblyopia, also known as “lazy eye”, is the leading cause of vision loss in children, resulting in reduced visual acuity and stereo acuity (poor depth perception). Amblyopia occurs when the visual system receive two different images from the eyes, mainly due to eye deviation (strabismus) or different refractive errors between the eyes (anisometropia). Because the brain cannot process different images simultaneously, it suppresses the visual information coming from the affected eye.

The worldwide prevalence of amblyopia is up to 3%. Although treatable, delayed or inaccurate diagnosis and treatment often result in partial vision loss.

Unless it is successfully treated in early childhood amblyopia usually persists into adulthood, and is the most common cause of permanent one-eye vision impairment among children and young and middle-aged adults. An estimated 2%–3% of the population suffer from amblyopia.

Treatments

Treatments

Traditional Treatments

Corrective eyewear

Glasses or contact lenses correct refractive errors such as near-sightedness, far-sightedness, and astigmatism that can result in amblyopia.

Eye patches

To stimulate the amblyopic eye perception, an eye patch may be prescribed to be worn over the dominant eye for two to six hours a day over a period which can extend into years.

Eyedrops

Atropine drops, usually prescribed for use on weekends or daily use, temporarily blur vision in the dominant eye as an alternative to patching.

Surgery

A surgery might be needed to straighten the eyes in case of eye deviation (strabismic amblyopia) or if the child is suffering from droopy eyelids or cataracts that could cause deprivation amblyopia.

Novel Treatments Binocular therapy

VR headsets

Patients watch modified TV shows or movies through a virtual reality headset.

Video games

Modifiedimple video games can be used to treat amblyopia with the use of 3D glasses and specially designed apps

CureSight™

A digital eye-tracking based amblyopia treatment that works with any streamed content, ensuring high compliance in any country, language, and age. It is the first and only digital device that has been clinically proven as an effective alternative to the gold standard eye patch treatment in children.

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